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Toxicity

Agrofair bananas towards integral sustainable label with pesticide footprint tool
AgroFair started in 1996 with the import and distribution of Oké bananas from Latin America to supermarkets in Europe. AgroFair was interested in finding out whether pesticide-related toxic impacts could be quantified and made visible to retailers and consumers, and ultimately used for differentiation and to create a competitive advantage. There are large differences between farms in the amount of pesticides used, the geography and the climate and soil conditions. To find out whether toxic impacts can be a differentiating factor, AgroFair consulted PRé to develop a user-friendly tool that quantifies the toxic impact of pesticides on humans and freshwater ecosystems.
Updated method ReCiPe2016 improves accuracy in quantifying impacts on human health and environment
PRé and the Radboud University Nijmegen, among other academic institutes, collaborated on the update of sustainability impact assessment method ReCiPe, the update method is known as ReCiPe2016. ReCiPe2016 enhances accuracy in quantifying life cycle impacts on human health, ecosystem services and natural resources. ReCiPe206 is available on demand. In this piece, Laura Golsteijn explains the potential applications and shares developer’s experiences.
Uncovering toxicity impacts to improve regional banana production
For AgroFair, a large banana importer looking to differentiate its products, PRé developed the easy-to-use Pesticide Footprint tool to quantify the toxic impacts of pesticides on human health and freshwater ecosystems.
The cost of fraud: health consequences of fraudulent emissions tests
INTERVIEW | At the end of 2015, it became known that Volkswagen Group has been cheating with emission tests for diesel engines over the last six years, resulting in on-road emissions vastly exceeding the legal standards for nitrogen oxides in Europe and the United States. PRé’s Laura Golsteijn interviewed Rik Oldenkamp, one of the researchers who quantified the public health consequences of this fraud.
Why the Succes of Circular Economy is Owned by Chemicals
Chemical substances are everywhere around us and essential components of our human bodies. Yet, in order to protect biodiversity as well as human health, it is important that we use them in a safe manner. And that might have a circular form…
Interpretation of metrics: DALYs and damage to human health
One reason why we care about the environmental impact of our choices is that they affect human health. But how do you quantify that? The most commonly used metric is Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY), taking into account the years lost to premature death and expressing the reduced quality of life due to illness in years as well. How can you use this in life cycle assessment and what are the points of contention you should be aware of?
How To Unite the Two Viewpoints On Toxicity?
Manufacturing companies usually look at a product’s toxicity from two points of view: “How sustainable is the product regarding human health and the environment?” and “Does the product pose a risk to specific groups of people, e.g. the workers involved in its production?”
How to Use USEtox® Characterisation Factors in SimaPro
USEtox®, available in SimaPro, is a well-known model for characterising the toxic impacts of chemical emissions in a life cycle assessment (LCA). But what is it exactly and how do you use it? This article gives a short overview.
Normalisation: New Developments in Normalisation Sets
This is the second in a series of articles where PRé's own consultants explain a step in the LCIA process and the way their own expertise fits into that step. Tommie Ponsioen is a technical consultant at PRé, with expertise in LCA methodology and database development. This article explains normalisation, the third step in LCIA, and describes new developments in the field.
Characterisation: New Developments for Toxicity
This is the first in a series of articles where PRé's own consultants explain a step in the LCA process and the way their own expertise fits into that step. First up is Laura Golsteijn, who is not just an expert on characterisation in LCIA, but also earned a PhD based on her original characterisation research.
LC-Impact Culmination | Presentation of the outcomes
The work of LC-impact is nearing its culmination, after 3.5 years. The outcomes will be presented during a special session, which is organized during the SETAC Europe annual meeting in Glasgow.
LC-Impact Culmination | Training Materials Available
The work of the LC-impact project is nearing its culmination. PRé is actively participating in this project, together with other 16 European partners from academia, industry, and SME’s.The first course materials for LC-impact have been developed.
Identifying best existing practice for characterization modeling in life cycle impact assessment
Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) is a field of active development. The last decade has seen prolific publication of new impact assessment methods covering many different impact categories and providing characterization factors that often deviate from each other for the same substance and impact. Here you can read the journey towards identifying the best existing practice for characterization modeling in life cycle impact assessment.
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Oct 17-18 | Product Environmental Footprint
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Feb 19-21 | SimaPro and LCA: in-depth
Mar 19-20 | Product Environmental Footprint
Apr 22-23 | SimaPro and LCA: essentials
Apr 22-24 | SimaPro and LCA: in-depth
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