ReCiPe is the most recent and harmonized indicator approach available in life cycle impact assessment.

The primary objective of the ReCiPe method, is to transform the long list of life cycle inventory results, into a limited number of indicator scores. These indicator scores express the relative severity on an environmental impact category. In ReCiPe we determine indicators at two levels:


  • Eighteen midpoint indicators
  • Three endpoint indicators


Each method (midpoint, endpoint) contains factors according to the three cultural perspectives. These perspectives represent a set of choices on issues like time or expectations that proper management or future technology development can avoid future damages.


  • Individualist: short term, optimism that technology can avoid many problems in future.
  • Hierarchist: consensus model, as often encountered in scientific models, this is often considered to be the default model.
  • Egalitarian: long term based on precautionary principle thinking.


Some of the advantages of the ReCiPe framework relative to other approaches include:


  • The broadest set of midpoint impact categories.
  • Where possible, it uses impact mechanisms that have global scope.
  • Unlike other approaches (Eco-Indicator 99, EPS Method, LIME, and Impact 2002+) it does not include potential impacts from future extractions in the impact assessment, but assumes such impacts have been included in the inventory analysis.


For more information please see the ReCiPe website or download the ReCiPe report

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